Sambor Prei Kuk is an archaeological site located about 37 kilometers north of Kompong Thom. This ancient capital of Chenla (old Champa Kingdom) was established in the early seventh century by King Icanarvaman.
Sambor Prei Kuk consists of four groups of temples, some considered the finest examples of pre-Angkorian art. The influence of Indian architecture was very significant at that time and can be found in the construction of these temples with sophisticated brick sculptures.
Sambor Prei Kuk style personified Khmer archaeological talents. It embraced Indian influences but developed of itself in its own unique direction, culminating in Angkor, arguably the greatest ancient archaeological achievement in Southeast Asia. Today we can see 52 big and small temples and related structures in Sambor Prei Kuk, all in fairly good condition. A similar number are fallen and buried in the ground. Sambor Prei Kuk sanctuaries were built of brick and limestone with decorations of bas-relief on the walls. The foundation of the temples were mostly made of laterite, with gateways, lintels, false doors, diamond columns and the sculptures mostly being made of sandstone.